Thin film transistors 1 Amorphous silicon thin film transistors

Filename: thin-film-transistors-1-amorphous-silicon-thin-film-transistors.pdf
ISBN: 1402075057
Release Date: 2004
Number of pages: 511
Author: Yue Kuo
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

Download and read online Thin film transistors 1 Amorphous silicon thin film transistors in PDF and EPUB This is the first reference on amorphous silicon and polycrystalline silicon thin film transistors that gives a systematic global review of all major topics in the field. These volumes include sections on basic materials and substrates properties, fundamental device physics, critical fabrication processes (structures, a-Si: H, dielectric, metallization, catalytic CVD), and existing and new applications. The chapters are written by leading researchers who have extensive experience with reputed track records. Thin Film Transistors provides practical information on preparing individual functional a-Si: H TFTs and poly-Si TFTs as well as large-area TFT arrays. Also covered are basic theories on the a-Si: H TFT operations and unique material characteristics. Readers are also exposed to a wide range of existing and new applications in industries.


Thin Film Transistors Polycrystalline silicon thin film transistors

Filename: thin-film-transistors-polycrystalline-silicon-thin-film-transistors.pdf
ISBN: 1402075065
Release Date: 2004
Number of pages: 505
Author: Yue Kuo
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

Download and read online Thin Film Transistors Polycrystalline silicon thin film transistors in PDF and EPUB This is the first reference on amorphous silicon and polycrystalline silicon thin film transistors that gives a systematic global review of all major topics in the field. These volumes include sections on basic materials and substrates properties, fundamental device physics, critical fabrication processes (structures, a-Si: H, dielectric, metallization, catalytic CVD), and existing and new applications. The chapters are written by leading researchers who have extensive experience with reputed track records. Thin Film Transistors provides practical information on preparing individual functional a-Si: H TFTs and poly-Si TFTs as well as large-area TFT arrays. Also covered are basic theories on the a-Si: H TFT operations and unique material characteristics. Readers are also exposed to a wide range of existing and new applications in industries.


Thin Film Transistors

Filename: thin-film-transistors.pdf
ISBN: 1402075049
Release Date: 2003-12-31
Number of pages: 1016
Author: Yue Kuo
Publisher: Springer

Download and read online Thin Film Transistors in PDF and EPUB References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 170 List of Symbols . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 176 CHAPTER 4 a-Si:H TFT Structures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 183 YueKuo 1. Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 183 2. Basic Structures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 183 3. Simplified Structures and Processes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 188 4. Unique Structures and Processes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 192 5. Redundant Structures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 195 6. Summary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 198 References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 200 List of Symbols . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 202 CHAPTER 5 Deposition of Intrinsic and Doped Semiconductor Thin Films for a-Si:H TFT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 203 YueKuo 1. Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 203 2. Semiconductor Layer Deposition . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 206 3. Doped Amorphous and Microcrystalline Silicon . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 223 4. Summary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 231 References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 233 List of Symbols . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 239 CHAPTER 6 Deposition of Dielectric Thin Films for a-Si:H TFT . . . . . . . 241 YueKuo 1. Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 241 2. Selection of Dielectric Materials and Deposition Methods . . . . . . . 242 3. PECVD SiNx Dielectric Layer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 244 4. Yield Issues Related to Dielectrics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 263 5. Summary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 265 References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 267 List of Symbols . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 271 CHAPTER 7 Plasma Etching in a-Si:H TFT Array Fabrication . . . . . . . . 273 YueKuo 1. Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 273 2. Topics in Plama Etching of a-Si:H TFTs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 278 Table of Contents Vll 3. Summary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 306 References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 307 CHAPTER 8 Metallization in a-Si:H TFT Array Fabrication . . . . . . . . . . . . . 313 Ken-ichi Onisawa, Shinji Takayama, Yuzo Shigesato, Takuya Takahashi 1. Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 313 2. Basic Understanding of Conductor Lines in TFT LCDs •. . . . •. . . . 314 3. Conductor Requirements for a-Si:H TFTs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 318 4. Conducting Materials for TFT Array . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 321 5. Key Issues in Conducting Materials for Advanced TFT Array Fabrication . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 324 6. Conductor Deposition for TFT Arrays . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 337 7. Wet Etching of Conductors for a-Si:H TFT Arrays . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 347 8. Summary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .


Thin Film Transistors 9 TFT 9

Filename: thin-film-transistors-9-tft-9.pdf
ISBN: 9781566776554
Release Date: 2008-10
Number of pages: 403
Author: Y. Kuo
Publisher: The Electrochemical Society

Download and read online Thin Film Transistors 9 TFT 9 in PDF and EPUB This issue of ECS Transactions includes all aspects of fabrication processes, materials, devices, and applications related to TFTs.


Thin Film Transistors 10 TFT 10

Filename: thin-film-transistors-10-tft-10.pdf
ISBN: 9781566778244
Release Date: 2010-10-01
Number of pages: 427
Author: Y. Kuo
Publisher: The Electrochemical Society

Download and read online Thin Film Transistors 10 TFT 10 in PDF and EPUB This special issue of ECS Transactions is for the 20th anniversary of the Thin Film Transistor (TFT) symposium series. Renowned TFT experts in related materials, processes, devices, and applications from the world serve as invited speakers to review the technology and science progress in the past two decades. Selected contributed papers are also included in this issue.


Thin Film Transistor Technology 8

Filename: thin-film-transistor-technology-8.pdf
ISBN: 9781566775083
Release Date: 2006-01-01
Number of pages: 371
Author: Yue Kuo
Publisher: The Electrochemical Society

Download and read online Thin Film Transistor Technology 8 in PDF and EPUB This issue includes funadmental and applied topics on materials, processes, devices, circuits, and new and novel applicaitons related to TFTs.



The Physics of Semiconductors

Filename: the-physics-of-semiconductors.pdf
ISBN: 9783319238807
Release Date: 2015-12-24
Number of pages: 989
Author: Marius Grundmann
Publisher: Springer

Download and read online The Physics of Semiconductors in PDF and EPUB The 3rd edition of this successful textbook contains ample material for a comprehensive upper-level undergraduate or beginning graduate course, guiding readers to the point where they can choose a special topic and begin supervised research. The textbook provides a balance between essential aspects of solid-state and semiconductor physics, on the one hand, and the principles of various semiconductor devices and their applications in electronic and photonic devices, on the other. It highlights many practical aspects of semiconductors such as alloys, strain, heterostructures, nanostructures, that are necessary in modern semiconductor research but typically omitted in textbooks. Coverage also includes additional advanced topics, such as Bragg mirrors, resonators, polarized and magnetic semiconductors, nanowires, quantum dots, multi-junction solar cells, thin film transistors, carbon-based nanostructures and transparent conductive oxides. The text derives explicit formulas for many results to support better understanding of the topics. The Physics of Semiconductors requires little or no prior knowledge of solid-state physics and evolved from a highly regarded two-semester course. In the third edition several topics are extended and treated in more depth including surfaces, disordered materials, amorphous semiconductors, polarons, thermopower and noise. More than 1800 references guide the reader to historic and current literature including original and review papers and books.


Thin Film Transistor Technologies

Filename: thin-film-transistor-technologies.pdf
ISBN: 1566772168
Release Date: 1999
Number of pages: 427
Author: Yue Kuo
Publisher: The Electrochemical Society

Download and read online Thin Film Transistor Technologies in PDF and EPUB


Ferroelectric Gate Field Effect Transistor Memories

Filename: ferroelectric-gate-field-effect-transistor-memories.pdf
ISBN: 9789402408416
Release Date: 2016-09-02
Number of pages: 347
Author: Byung-Eun Park
Publisher: Springer

Download and read online Ferroelectric Gate Field Effect Transistor Memories in PDF and EPUB This book provides comprehensive coverage of the materials characteristics, process technologies, and device operations for memory field-effect transistors employing inorganic or organic ferroelectric thin films. This transistor-type ferroelectric memory has interesting fundamental device physics and potentially large industrial impact. Among the various applications of ferroelectric thin films, the development of nonvolatile ferroelectric random access memory (FeRAM) has progressed most actively since the late 1980s and has achieved modest mass production levels for specific applications since 1995. There are two types of memory cells in ferroelectric nonvolatile memories. One is the capacitor-type FeRAM and the other is the field-effect transistor (FET)-type FeRAM. Although the FET-type FeRAM claims ultimate scalability and nondestructive readout characteristics, the capacitor-type FeRAMs have been the main interest for the major semiconductor memory companies, because the ferroelectric FET has fatal handicaps of cross-talk for random accessibility and short retention time. This book aims to provide readers with the development history, technical issues, fabrication methodologies, and promising applications of FET-type ferroelectric memory devices, presenting a comprehensive review of past, present, and future technologies. The topics discussed will lead to further advances in large-area electronics implemented on glass or plastic substrates as well as in conventional Si electronics. The book is composed of chapters written by leading researchers in ferroelectric materials and related device technologies, including oxide and organic ferroelectric thin films.



Handbook of Transparent Conductors

Filename: handbook-of-transparent-conductors.pdf
ISBN: 1441916385
Release Date: 2010-09-11
Number of pages: 534
Author: David S. Ginley
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

Download and read online Handbook of Transparent Conductors in PDF and EPUB Transparent conducting materials are key elements in a wide variety of current technologies including flat panel displays, photovoltaics, organic, low-e windows and electrochromics. The needs for new and improved materials is pressing, because the existing materials do not have the performance levels to meet the ever- increasing demand, and because some of the current materials used may not be viable in the future. In addition, the field of transparent conductors has gone through dramatic changes in the last 5-7 years with new materials being identified, new applications and new people in the field. “Handbook of Transparent Conductors” presents transparent conductors in a historical perspective, provides current applications as well as insights into the future of the devices. It is a comprehensive reference, and represents the most current resource on the subject.


Handbook of Thin Film Deposition

Filename: handbook-of-thin-film-deposition.pdf
ISBN: 9781437778731
Release Date: 2012
Number of pages: 392
Author: Krishna Seshan
Publisher: William Andrew

Download and read online Handbook of Thin Film Deposition in PDF and EPUB The Handbook of Thin Film Deposition is a comprehensive reference focusing on thin film technologies and applications used in the semiconductor industry and the closely related areas of thin film deposition, thin film micro properties, photovoltaic solar energy applications, new materials for memory applications and methods for thin film optical processes. In a major restructuring, this edition of the handbook lays the foundations with an up-to-date treatment of lithography, contamination and yield management, and reliability of thin films. The established physical and chemical deposition processes and technologies are then covered, the last section of the book being devoted to more recent technological developments such as microelectromechanical systems, photovoltaic applications, digital cameras, CCD arrays, and optical thin films. A practical survey of thin film technologies aimed at engineers and managers involved in all stages of the process: design, fabrication, quality assurance and applications. Covers core processes and applications in the semiconductor industry and new developments in the photovoltaic and optical thin film industries. The new edition takes covers the transition taking place in the semiconductor world from Al/SiO2 to copper interconnects with low-k dielectrics. Written by acknowledged industry experts from key companies in the semiconductor industry including Intel and IBM. Foreword by Gordon E. Moore, co-founder of Intel and formulator of the renowned 'Moore's Law' relating to the technology development cycle in the semiconductor industry.


Thin Film Transistor Circuits and Systems

Filename: thin-film-transistor-circuits-and-systems.pdf
ISBN: 9781107012332
Release Date: 2013-08-29
Number of pages: 169
Author: Reza Chaji
Publisher: Cambridge University Press

Download and read online Thin Film Transistor Circuits and Systems in PDF and EPUB Providing a reliable and consolidated treatment of the principles behind large-area electronics, this book provides a comprehensive review of the design challenges associated with building circuits and systems from thin-film transistors. The authors describe the architecture, fabrication and design considerations for the principal types of TFT and their numerous applications. The practicalities of device non-ideality are also addressed and the specific design considerations necessitated by instabilities and non-uniformities in existing fabrication technologies. Containing device-circuit information, discussion of electronic solutions that compensate for material deficiencies, and design methodologies applicable to a wide variety of organic and inorganic disordered materials, this is an essential reference for all researchers, circuit and device engineers working on large-area electronics.


Short Channel Organic Thin Film Transistors

Filename: short-channel-organic-thin-film-transistors.pdf
ISBN: 9783319188966
Release Date: 2015-05-27
Number of pages: 220
Author: Tarek Zaki
Publisher: Springer

Download and read online Short Channel Organic Thin Film Transistors in PDF and EPUB This work takes advantage of high-resolution silicon stencil masks to build air-stable complementary OTFTs using a low-temperature fabrication process. Plastic electronics based on organic thin-film transistors (OTFTs) pave the way for cheap, flexible and large-area products. Over the past few years, OTFTs have undergone remarkable advances in terms of reliability, performance and scale of integration. Many factors contribute to the allure of this technology; the masks exhibit excellent stiffness and stability, thus allowing OTFTs with submicrometer channel lengths and superb device uniformity to be patterned. Furthermore, the OTFTs employ an ultra-thin gate dielectric that provides a sufficiently high capacitance to enable the transistors to operate at voltages as low as 3 V. The critical challenges in this development are the subtle mechanisms that govern the properties of aggressively scaled OTFTs. These mechanisms, dictated by device physics, are well described and implemented into circuit-design tools to ensure adequate simulation accuracy.