The Power Of Babel

Filename: the-power-of-babel.pdf
ISBN: 9781446472408
Release Date: 2011-04-30
Number of pages: 336
Author: John McWhorter
Publisher: Random House

Download and read online The Power Of Babel in PDF and EPUB There can be few subjects of such widespread interest and fascination to anyone who reads as the strange ways of languages. In this wonderfully entertaining and fascinating book, John McWhorter introduces us to 'the natural history of language': from Russonorsk, a creole of Russian and Norwegian once spoken by trading fur trappers to an Australian Aboriginal language which only has three verbs. Witty, brilliant and authoritative, this book is a must for anyone who is interested in language, as sheerly enjoyable as non-fiction gets.

What Language Is

Filename: what-language-is.pdf
ISBN: 9781101644454
Release Date: 2013-02-12
Number of pages: 240
Author: John McWhorter
Publisher: Penguin

Download and read online What Language Is in PDF and EPUB New York Times bestselling author and renowned linguist, John McWhorter, explores the complicated and fascinating world of languages. From Standard English to Black English; obscure tongues only spoken by a few thousand people in the world to the big ones like Mandarin - What Language Is celebrates the history and curiosities of languages around the world and smashes our assumptions about "correct" grammar. An eye-opening tour for all language lovers, What Language Is offers a fascinating new perspective on the way humans communicate. From vanishing languages spoken by a few hundred people to major tongues like Chinese, with copious revelations about the hodgepodge nature of English, John McWhorter shows readers how to see and hear languages as a linguist does. Packed with Big Ideas about language alongside wonderful trivia, What Language Is explains how languages across the globe (the Queen's English and Surinam creoles alike) originate, evolve, multiply, and divide. Raising provocative questions about what qualifies as a language (so-called slang does have structured grammar), McWhorter also takes readers on a marvelous journey through time and place-from Persian to the languages of Sri Lanka- to deliver a feast of facts about the wonders of human linguistic expression.

Doing Our Own Thing

Filename: doing-our-own-thing.pdf
ISBN: 9781446473221
Release Date: 2011-06-30
Number of pages: 304
Author: John McWhorter
Publisher: Random House

Download and read online Doing Our Own Thing in PDF and EPUB Once languages become written, they change. Only in writing does language develop the artfulness and richness that we associate with a Shakespeare, a Proust or a Whitman. Yet over the last forty years, the English-language has effectively gone into reverse - taking our lead from America and the legacy of the 1960s, our culture increasingly privileges the oral over the written, spurning the art of elaborated, 'written'-style language in favour of returning to the state of a spoken culture. Parallel developments have occurred in music. In this controversial and thought-provoking book, John McWhorter argues that the 1960's rejection of cultural traits associated with the Establishment, as well as a democratic celebration of what anyone can do over what requires training or talent, has led to our culture being increasingly impoverished, both intellectually and artistically...

Our Magnificent Bastard Tongue

Filename: our-magnificent-bastard-tongue.pdf
ISBN: 1440634041
Release Date: 2008-10-30
Number of pages: 256
Author: John McWhorter
Publisher: Penguin

Download and read online Our Magnificent Bastard Tongue in PDF and EPUB A survey of the quirks and quandaries of the English language, focusing on our strange and wonderful grammar Why do we say “I am reading a catalog” instead of “I read a catalog”? Why do we say “do” at all? Is the way we speak a reflection of our cultural values? Delving into these provocative topics and more, Our Magnificent Bastard Language distills hundreds of years of fascinating lore into one lively history. Covering such turning points as the little-known Celtic and Welsh influences on English, the impact of the Viking raids and the Norman Conquest, and the Germanic invasions that started it all during the fifth century ad, John McWhorter narrates this colorful evolution with vigor. Drawing on revolutionary genetic and linguistic research as well as a cache of remarkable trivia about the origins of English words and syntax patterns, Our Magnificent Bastard Tongue ultimately demonstrates the arbitrary, maddening nature of English— and its ironic simplicity due to its role as a streamlined lingua franca during the early formation of Britain. This is the book that language aficionados worldwide have been waiting for (and no, it’s not a sin to end a sentence with a preposition).

The Language Hoax

Filename: the-language-hoax.pdf
ISBN: 9780199361601
Release Date: 2014-04-01
Number of pages: 224
Author: John H. McWhorter
Publisher: Oxford University Press

Download and read online The Language Hoax in PDF and EPUB Japanese has a term that covers both green and blue. Russian has separate terms for dark and light blue. Does this mean that Russians perceive these colors differently from Japanese people? Does language control and limit the way we think? This short, opinionated book addresses the Sapir-Whorf hypothesis, which argues that the language we speak shapes the way we perceive the world. Linguist John McWhorter argues that while this idea is mesmerizing, it is plainly wrong. It is language that reflects culture and worldview, not the other way around. The fact that a language has only one word for eat, drink, and smoke doesn't mean its speakers don't process the difference between food and beverage, and those who use the same word for blue and green perceive those two colors just as vividly as others do. McWhorter shows not only how the idea of language as a lens fails but also why we want so badly to believe it: we're eager to celebrate diversity by acknowledging the intelligence of peoples who may not think like we do. Though well-intentioned, our belief in this idea poses an obstacle to a better understanding of human nature and even trivializes the people we seek to celebrate. The reality -- that all humans think alike -- provides another, better way for us to acknowledge the intelligence of all peoples.

Authentically Black

Filename: authentically-black.pdf
ISBN: 1101216581
Release Date: 2003-01-27
Number of pages: 304
Author: John McWhorter
Publisher: Penguin

Download and read online Authentically Black in PDF and EPUB The critically acclaimed book from the bestselling author of Losing the Race and The Power of Babel John McWhorter is one of the most original and provocative thinkers on the issue of race in America today. In Authentically Black McWhorter argues that although African-Americans stress hard work and initiative in private, they have assumed the mantle of victimhood in the eyes of the public and have thereby created a distorted meaning of what it is to be "authentically black." McWhorter takes on this mentality and its debilitating implications—in topics ranging from rap music to the reparations movement, to the portrayal of African-Americans on television to racial profiling— injecting new ideas and a fresh approach into the nationwide debate on race. Authentically Black is a powerful and important book that will inform and influence the opinions of Americans across all racial and political spectra.

Das K nigreich der Sprache

Filename: das-k-nigreich-der-sprache.pdf
ISBN: 9783641209230
Release Date: 2017-04-17
Number of pages: 224
Author: Tom Wolfe
Publisher: Karl Blessing Verlag

Download and read online Das K nigreich der Sprache in PDF and EPUB In den vergangenen 150 Jahren wurden von der Entdeckung des Penizillins über die Entschlüsselung der menschlichen DNS bis zum Nachweis des Higgs-Bosons kolossale Fortschritte gemacht. Doch an einer der drängendsten Fragen der Menschheitsgeschichte - Wo liegt der Ursprung der menschlichen Sprache? - scheitert die Wissenschaft bis heute. Das hat, wie Tom Wolfe genüsslich darlegt, führende Forscher von Charles Darwin bis Noam Chomsky jedoch zu keiner Zeit davon abgehalten, grandiose Erfolge zu verkünden, die gar keine waren, Konkurrenten zu diffamieren, anstatt eigene Fehler einzugestehen, und generell des Kaisers neue Kleider in den schillerndsten Farben zu beschreiben. In Das Königreich der Sprache vertritt Wolfe die These, wonach die Sprache die erste kulturelle Leistung des Menschen und somit nicht mit der Evolutiontheorie oder wissenschaftlicher Systematik zu erklären ist.

Defining Creole

Filename: defining-creole.pdf
ISBN: 0195347234
Release Date: 2005-02-03
Number of pages: 444
Author: John H. McWhorter
Publisher: Oxford University Press

Download and read online Defining Creole in PDF and EPUB A conventional wisdom among creolists is that creole is a sociohistorical term only: that creole languages share a particular history entailing adults rapidly acquiring a language usually under conditions of subordination, but that structurally they are indistinguishable from other languages. The articles by John H. McWhorter collected in this volume demonstrate that this is in fact untrue. Creole languages, while complex and nuanced as all human languages are, are delineable from older languages as the result of their having come into existence only a few centuries ago. Then adults learn a language under untutored conditions, they abbreviate its structure, focusing upon features vital to communication and shaving away most of the features useless to communication that bedevil those acquiring the language non-natively. When they utilize their rendition of the language consistently enough to create a brand-new one, this new creation naturally evinces evidence of its youth: specifically, a much lower degree of the random accretions typical in older languages, which only develop over vast periods of time. The articles constitute a case for this thesis based on both broad, cross-creole ranges of data and focused expositions referring to single creole languages. The book presents a general case for a theory of language contact and creolization in which not only transfer from source languages but also structural reduction plays a central role, based on facts whose marginality of address in creole studies has arisen from issues sociopolitical as well as scientific. For several decades the very definition of the term creole has been elusive even among creole specialists. This book attempts to forge a path beyond the inter- and intra-disciplinary misunderstandings and stalemates that have resulted from this, and to demonstrate the place that creoles might occupy in other linguistic subfields, including typology, language contact, and syntactic theory.


Filename: sprachen.pdf
ISBN: 3550081677
Release Date: 2017-03-10
Number of pages: 300
Author: Gaston Dorren

Download and read online Sprachen in PDF and EPUB

Seltsame Sprache n

Filename: seltsame-sprache-n.pdf
ISBN: 9783861897880
Release Date: 2011-10-04
Number of pages: 270
Author: Frank Schweizer
Publisher: Militzke Verlag

Download and read online Seltsame Sprache n in PDF and EPUB Weltweiter Wortsalat Gibt es eine Sprache, in der Namen so heilig sind, dass keine Vornamen zweimal vorkommen dürfen? Kann eine vollständig neue Sprache innerhalb von drei Jahren entstehen? Diese und weitere unglaubliche Fragen im Zusammenhang mit der menschlichen Sprache werden in diesem Buch beantwortet. Der Germanist und Philosoph Frank Schweizer vermittelt kuriose und interessante Fakten, die weit über das übliche Allgemeinwissen hinausgehen und erzählt kurzweilig über die ersten Sprachversuche des Menschen bis hin zur Entwicklung der eigenen Sprachfähigkeit von der Geburt bis ins Erwachsenenalter. Kaum jemand aus dem westlichen Sprachraum kann sich die Existenz einer Sprache vorstellen, die, das Vokabular und Regelwerk betreffend, zwischen einem männlichen und weiblichen Sprecher unterscheidet. Dem Autor gelingt es auch, den größten Unterschied zwischen Mensch und Tier - Kommunikation, mittels umfangreicher Worte - unterhaltsam wiederzugeben. Dieses Buch ist gespickt mit lehrreichen Details ohne belehrend zu wirken und lädt dazu ein, sich näher mit der eigenen Sprache zu befassen. Frank Schweizer, der selbst acht Sprachen spricht, begegnet dem Vorurteil, die Beschäftigung mit Sprache sei eine staubtrockene Tätigkeit, durch anschauliche Erläuterungen und faszinierende Details.

All about the Beat

Filename: all-about-the-beat.pdf
ISBN: 144062965X
Release Date: 2008-06-19
Number of pages: 208
Author: John McWhorter
Publisher: Penguin

Download and read online All about the Beat in PDF and EPUB The bestselling commentator, hailed for his frank and fearless arguments on race, imparts a scathing look at the hypocrisy of hip-hop—and why its popularity proves that black America must overhaul its politics. One of the most outspoken voices in America’s cultural dialogues, John McWhorter can always be counted on to provide provocative viewpoints steeped in scholarly savvy. Now he turns his formidable intellect to the topic of hip-hop music and culture, smashing the claims that hip-hop is politically valuable because it delivers the only “real” portrayal of black society. In this measured, impassioned work, McWhorter delves into the rhythms of hip-hop, analyzing its content and celebrating its artistry and craftsmanship. But at the same time he points out that hip-hop is, at its core, simply music, and takes issue with those who celebrate hip-hop as the beginning of a new civil rights program and inflate the lyrics with a kind of radical chic. In a power vacuum, this often offensive and destructive music has become a leading voice of black America, and McWhorter stridently calls for a renewed sense of purpose and pride in black communities. Joining the ranks of Russell Simmons and others who have called for a deeper investigation of hip-hop’s role in black culture, McWhorter’s All About the Beat is a spectacular polemic that takes the debate in a seismically new direction.

Wenn Sprachen sterben

Filename: wenn-sprachen-sterben.pdf
ISBN: 9783406653285
Release Date: 2014-05-26
Number of pages: 416
Author: Nicholas Evans
Publisher: C.H.Beck

Download and read online Wenn Sprachen sterben in PDF and EPUB Nicholas Evans fragt nach dem Verlust, den der massive Sprachentod für die Menschheit bedeutet, und findet bei der Suche nach der Antwort eine ganze Reihe von Themen, die höchstes Interesse verdienen: Wieso gibt es überhaupt so viele Sprachen auf der Welt? Wäre eine nicht genug? Was wissen wir über den Zusammenhang von Denken und Sprechen? Denkt man in unterschiedlichen Sprachen unterschiedlich? Kann die Varietät der Sprachen Auskunft über die Welt und die Geschichte geben? Wie lassen sich bedrohte Sprachen, die es noch nicht in die Schriftlichkeit geschafft haben, vor ihrem Tod dokumentieren, und warum sollte man das tun? Können kleine Sprachen es ermöglichen, alte Schriften zu entziffern? Evans ist einer der weltweit prominentesten Sprachwissenschaftler. Sein Buch lebt vom Reichtum an Beispielen, die er vor Ort präsentiert – von Australien, Asien und Afrika bis Amerika und Europa. Es vermittelt faszinierende Einsichten in das, was Sprachen eigentlich sind.

Logik der Forschung

Filename: logik-der-forschung.pdf
ISBN: 316148410X
Release Date: 2005-05-01
Number of pages: 601
Author: Karl R. Popper
Publisher: Mohr Siebeck

Download and read online Logik der Forschung in PDF and EPUB Karl Popper stellt in seinem Hauptwerk, der Logik der Forschung, die Erkenntnistheorie als Methodologie dar, die erklärt, warum unser Wissen fehlbar ist und warum wir nicht primär aus erfüllten, sondern aus gescheiterten Erwartungen lernen: Der Erkenntnisfortschritt resultiert aus Versuch und Irrtum. Die bedeutendsten Resultate des Buches sind das Falsifizierbarkeitskriterium zur Abgrenzung wissenschaftlicher Sätze und Poppers Vorschlag zur Lösung des Problems der empirischen Basis der Wissenschaft."[...] gehört Poppers Buch zu den wichtigsten gegenwärtigen Arbeiten auf dem Gebiet der Wissenschaftslogik. [...] Es wird Zustimmung und Widerspruch auslösen..."Rudolf Carnap in Erkenntnis, Bd. 5 (1935) S. 294


Filename: sprachengerechtigkeit.pdf
ISBN: 9783518733134
Release Date: 2013-07-15
Number of pages: 445
Author: Philippe Van Parijs
Publisher: Suhrkamp Verlag

Download and read online Sprachengerechtigkeit in PDF and EPUB »Do you speak English?« Nicht nur in Europa erhält man als Antwort darauf immer häufiger ein »Yes«. Und in der Tat: Quasi unter der Hand scheint sich Englisch zu einer neuen »lingua franca« zu entwickeln, wie auch empirische Daten belegen. Aber ist das gerecht? Oder vielmehr ein Menetekel der »Amerikanisierung« der Welt, respektlos und »unfair« – der Anfang vom Ende der kulturellen Vielfalt, die gerade Europa so besonders macht? Philippe Van Parijs vertritt in seinem Buch die provokante These, dass wir diese Entwicklung nicht nur begrüßen, sondern auch aktiv beschleunigen sollten. Eine gemeinsame Sprache, so seine Überzeugung, ermögliche mehr Bürgern die Teilhabe an politischen und wirtschaftlichen Prozessen und sei eine effektive Waffe im Kampf um mehr Gerechtigkeit. Seine Devise lautet daher: »Go English!« Aber ist das wirklich gerecht? Schließlich wären englische Muttersprachler im Vorteil, und es spricht viel dafür, die Sprachenvielfalt gerade aus Gründen der Gerechtigkeit zu schützen. Van Parijs stellt sich diesen und weiteren Einwänden in gehaltvoller Auseinandersetzung mit den maßgeblichen Paradigmen der Gerechtigkeitstheorie und diskutiert dann praktische Maßnahmen zur Durchsetzung der Sprachengerechtigkeit – etwa eine Sprachsteuer für anglophone Länder oder ein Verbot der Synchronisierung englischsprachiger Filme. »Sprachengerechtigkeit für Europa und die Welt« ist kein Buch gegen die Vielfalt der Sprachen und Kulturen. Aber es behauptet, dass Sprachenvielfalt kein Wert an sich ist, anders als Gerechtigkeit. Ein außergewöhnlicher Beitrag zur Debatte um die Zukunft Europas.

Babel s Tower Translated

Filename: babel-s-tower-translated.pdf
ISBN: 9789004248618
Release Date: 2013-03-07
Number of pages: 378
Author: Phillip Michael Sherman
Publisher: BRILL

Download and read online Babel s Tower Translated in PDF and EPUB Ancient Jewish Interpreters read and rewrote the biblical narrative of the Tower of Babel to address various challenges to the identity of 'Israel' in the Second Temple and early rabbinic periods.