The Map That Changed the World

Filename: the-map-that-changed-the-world.pdf
ISBN: 9780061978272
Release Date: 2009-10-27
Number of pages: 368
Author: Simon Winchester
Publisher: Harper Collins

Download and read online The Map That Changed the World in PDF and EPUB In 1793, a canal digger named William Smith made a startling discovery. He found that by tracing the placement of fossils, which he uncovered in his excavations, one could follow layers of rocks as they dipped and rose and fell—clear across England and, indeed, clear across the world—making it possible, for the first time ever, to draw a chart of the hidden underside of the earth. Smith spent twenty-two years piecing together the fragments of this unseen universe to create an epochal and remarkably beautiful hand-painted map. But instead of receiving accolades and honors, he ended up in debtors' prison, the victim of plagiarism, and virtually homeless for ten years more. The Map That Changed the World is a very human tale of endurance and achievement, of one man's dedication in the face of ruin. With a keen eye and thoughtful detail, Simon Winchester unfolds the poignant sacrifice behind this world-changing discovery.


L ngengrad

Filename: l-ngengrad.pdf
ISBN: 9783827072368
Release Date: 2010-09-11
Number of pages: 240
Author: Dava Sobel
Publisher: ebook Berlin Verlag

Download and read online L ngengrad in PDF and EPUB Längengrad erzählt die Geschichte des unbekannten schottischen Uhrmachers John Harrison, dem es im 18. Jahrhundert gelang, die Schiffahrt durch die Lösung des Längengrad-Problems auf neuen Kurs zu bringen. Bislang hatten sich die Seefahrer bei ihrer Navigation am Verlauf der Breitengrade orientiert. Eine Methode mit fatalen Folgen: Seefahrer und Fracht wurden leichte Beute von Seeräubern, die den Handelsschiffen auf den Breitengraden auflauerten. Zudem irrten die Schiffe fast orientierungslos auf den Weltmeeren umher und erreichten ihre Zielorte wenn überhaupt — eher zufällig. Die ohnehin langen Schiffahrten dauerten noch länger. Der gefürchtete Skorbut raffte nicht selten die Mannschaft dahin. Mit einem Wort: Handelsschiffahrt war ein Unternehmen auf Leben und Tod. Längengrad rekonstruiert die Geschichte einer wissenschaftlichen Gralssuche, eines Davidskampfes gegen die großen Astronomen jener Zeit. Galileo Galilei, Sir Isaac Newton und Edmond Halley suchten die Lösung des damals schwierigsten nautischen Problems in den Gestirnen. Anders John Harrison: 40 Jahre lang arbeitete er besessen an seiner Idee eines perfekten Chronometers. Trotz der Intrigen seiner Rivalen setzte sich Harrisons geniale Erfindung letztendlich durch. Schon der berühmte Seefahrer James Cook ließ sich auf seinen Expeditionen von Harrisons Uhr leiten und nannte sie seinen »zuverlässigsten Freund« und »nie versagenden Führer«.


Der Mann der die W rter liebte

Filename: der-mann-der-die-w-rter-liebte.pdf
ISBN: 3813502252
Release Date: 1998
Number of pages: 283
Author: Simon Winchester
Publisher:

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Maps That Changed The World

Filename: maps-that-changed-the-world.pdf
ISBN: 9781849943864
Release Date: 2016-02-12
Number of pages: 256
Author: John O. E. Clark
Publisher: Pavilion Books

Download and read online Maps That Changed The World in PDF and EPUB An ancient Chinese proverb suggests, “They are wise parents who give their children roots and wings - and a map.” Maps That Changed the World features some of the world's most famous maps, stretching back to a time when cartography was in its infancy and the 'edge of the world' was a barrier to exploration. The book includes details of how the Lewis and Clark Expedition helped map the American West, and how the British mapped India and Australia. Included are the beautifully engraved Dutch maps of the 16th century; the sinister Utopian maps of the Nazis; the maps that presaged brilliant military campaigns; charted the geology of a nation; and the ones that divided a continent up between its European conquerors. Organised by theme, the book shows the evolution of map-making from all corners of the globe, from ancient clay maps, to cartographic breakthroughs such as Harry Beck’s map of the London underground. There are also famous fictional maps, including the maps of the lost continent of Atlantis and Tolkien’s Middle Earth. With an introduction written by acclaimed cartographic historian Jeremy Black.


Die Macht der Geographie

Filename: die-macht-der-geographie.pdf
ISBN: 9783423428569
Release Date: 2015-11-20
Number of pages: 304
Author: Tim Marshall
Publisher: Deutscher Taschenbuch Verlag

Download and read online Die Macht der Geographie in PDF and EPUB Wie Geografie Geschichte macht Weltpolitik ist auch Geopolitik, denn alle Staatschefs unterliegen den Zwängen der Geographie. Berge und Ebenen, Wasser, Sand und Eis setzen ihrem Entscheidungsspielraum Grenzen. In 10 Kapiteln zeigt Tim Marshall knapp, anschaulich und pointiert, wie Geographie Geschichte macht und gemacht hat: in Russland, China, den USA, in Europa, Afrika, Lateinamerika, Indien und Pakistan, Japan und Korea, dem Nahen Osten, der Arktis und in Grönland: Regierungen kommen und gehen, der Hindukusch bleibt.


Die katastrophische Feerie

Filename: die-katastrophische-feerie.pdf
ISBN: 9783864780691
Release Date: 2017-01-25
Number of pages: 314
Author: Jörg Dünne
Publisher: Konstanz University Press

Download and read online Die katastrophische Feerie in PDF and EPUB Vulkanausbrüche und Erdbeben auf dem Pariser Montmartre? Jörg Dünne zeigt, wie die französische Literatur spektakuläre Szenen aus der Erdgeschichte in die Moderne projiziert.Sein Buch verdankt sich der Begegnung zwischen populärer Theatertradition und geologischen Spekulationen zur Erdentstehung in der französischen Literatur der Moderne, die nur auf den ersten Blick zufällig erscheint. Die Feerie, eine im Paris der zweiten Hälfte des 19. Jahrhunderts ungeheuer beliebte Theatergattung, trifft dabei auf die Katastrophentheorie des Naturwissenschaftlers Georges Cuvier und ihre populärwissenschaftlichen Darstellungen in spektakulären Szenen aus der Tiefenzeit der Erde.Jörg Dünne zeigt, dass das Aufeinandertreffen von Feerie und Katastrophe mehr ist als nur ein Kuriosum der Literatur- und Wissensgeschichte: Dies liegt vor allem an einer Reihe bekannter Autoren des 19. und 20. Jahrhunderts, von Jules Verne über Gustave Flaubert bis hin zu Louis-Ferdinand Céline, die allesamt nicht nur Liebhaber und Autoren von Feerien waren, sondern auch in ihren Romanen je unterschiedliche Verbindungen zwischen spektakulären Tableaus und erdgeschichtlichen Katastrophen herstellen. Am Beispiel kulturtheoretischer Schriften von Walter Benjamin bis zu Michel Foucault und Gilles Deleuze wird darüber hinaus deutlich, dass der spektakuläre Katastrophismus nicht nur die literarische Imagination bis weit ins 20. Jahrhundert hinein geprägt hat, sondern in bislang unerkannter Weise auch allgemeine Modelle des Denkens von Historizität. Ergänzt wird das Buch um zahlreiche, größtenteils erstmals in deutscher Sprache präsentierte Dokumente aus Theaterfeerien und populärwissenschaftlichen Katastrophenszenarien, die eine alternative wissens- und imaginationsgeschichtliche Genealogie dessen vor Augen führen, was man üblicherweise die ästhetische und epistemologische Moderne nennt.


Protogaea

Filename: protogaea.pdf
ISBN: 9783487151304
Release Date: 2014-06-30
Number of pages: 203
Author: Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz
Publisher: Georg Olms Verlag

Download and read online Protogaea in PDF and EPUB Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz beschäftigte sich auch mit der Geologie. Zur Geologie kam er über den Bergbau. Zu seiner Zeit waren Bergbau und Hüttenwesen die Hightech-Industrien, und der Harz war eines der bedeutendsten Industriereviere und das wichtigste Silberbergbaurevier in Deutschland. Leibniz wollte mit seinen Verbesserungsvorschlägen die Energieprobleme im Harzer Bergbau lösen: er forderte die Einführung von Windmühlen, um Wasserräder zu ersetzen bzw. zu ergänzen, und hatte verschiedene Ideen zur Verbesserung der Erzförderung, um Energie zu sparen. Vermutlich angeregt durch seine Arbeiten im Harz und Anstöße in diesem Zusammenhang entschied er sich, der Geschichte des Welfenhauses eine Erd- und Naturgeschichte des niedersächsischen Raumes voranzustellen, die Protogaea. Sie wurde 1694 beendet. Leibniz, in vielen Bereichen seiner Zeit weit voraus, hat selbst in der Geologie lange vor der Entwicklung des modernen Geologiebildes einige Vorstellungen in der Protogaea formuliert, die heutigen Ansichten recht nahe kommen. Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz was also interested in geology. He came to the topic through mining. Mining and metallurgy were the high-tech industries of the age and the Harz Mountains were one of the major industrial centres and the most important silver-mining area in Germany. Leibniz suggested improvements which he hoped would solve the energy problems in the Harz mining industry: he encouraged the introduction of windmills to replace or augment water-wheels, and he had various ideas for the improvement of ore extraction in order to save energy. Probably inspired by his work in the Harz and other incentives in this context, he decided to precede his history of the Welf dynasty with a geological and natural history of Lower Saxony, the Protogaea. He completed this in 1694. Leibniz, far ahead of his time in many fields, also managed, long before the development of modern geology, to formulate some ideas in the Protogaea which come very close to contemporary geological theories.


Charles Robert Cockerell Architect in Time

Filename: charles-robert-cockerell-architect-in-time.pdf
ISBN: 9781317168188
Release Date: 2016-04-15
Number of pages: 226
Author: Anne Bordeleau
Publisher: Routledge

Download and read online Charles Robert Cockerell Architect in Time in PDF and EPUB Speed, acceleration and rapid change characterize our world, and as we design and construct buildings that are to last at least a few decades and sometimes even centuries, how can architecture continue to act as an important cultural signifier? Focusing on how an important nineteenth-century architect addressed the already shifting relation between architecture, time and history, this book offers insights on issues still relevant today-the struggle between imitation and innovation, the definition (or rejection) of aesthetic experience, the grounds of architectural judgment (who decides and how), or fundamentally, how to act (i.e. build) when there is no longer a single grand narrative but a plurality of possible histories. Six drawings provide the foundation of an itinerary through Charles Robert Cockerell’s conception of architecture, and into the depths of drawings and buildings. Born in England in 1788, Cockerell sketched as a Grand Tourist, he charted architectural history as Royal Academy Professor, he drew to build, to exhibit, to understand the past and to learn from it, publishing his last work in 1860, three years before his death. Under our scrutiny, his drawings become thresholds into the nineteenth century, windows into the architect’s conception of architecture and time, complex documents of past and projected constructions, great examples that reveal a kinetic approach to ornamentation, and the depth of architectural representation.


Encyclopedia of Evolution

Filename: encyclopedia-of-evolution.pdf
ISBN: 9781438110059
Release Date: 2009-01-01
Number of pages: 468
Author: Stanley A. Rice
Publisher: Infobase Publishing

Download and read online Encyclopedia of Evolution in PDF and EPUB Evolutionary science is not only one of the greatest breakthroughs of modern science, but also one of the most controversial. Perhaps more than any other scientific area, evolutionary science has caused us all to question what we are, where we came from, and how we relate to the rest of the universe. Encyclopedia of Evolution contains more than 200 entries that span modern evolutionary science and the history of its development. This comprehensive volume clarifies many common misconceptions about evolution. For example, many people have grown up being told that the fossil record does not demonstrate an evolutionary pattern, and that there are many missing links. In fact, most of these missing links have been found, and their modern representatives are often still alive today. The biographical entries represent evolutionary scientists within the United States who have had and continue to have a major impact on the broad outline of evolutionary science. The biographies chosen reflect the viewpoints of scientists working within the United States. Five essays that explore interesting questions resulting from studies in evolutionary science are included as well. The appendix consists of a summary of Charles Darwin's Origin of Species, which is widely considered to be the foundational work of evolutionary science and one of the most important books in human history. The five essays include: How much do genes control human behavior?What are the ghosts of evolution?Can an evolutionary scientist be religious?Why do humans die?Are humans alone in the universe


Romantic Science

Filename: romantic-science.pdf
ISBN: 0791457028
Release Date: 2003-07-24
Number of pages: 296
Author: Noah Heringman
Publisher: SUNY Press

Download and read online Romantic Science in PDF and EPUB Uncovers the vital role that new scientific discoveries played in Romantic literary culture.


Nature

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ISBN:
Release Date:
Number of pages:
Author:
Publisher: PediaPress

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William Edmond Logan 1798 1875 Knighted Canadian Geologist

Filename: william-edmond-logan-1798-1875-knighted-canadian-geologist.pdf
ISBN: 9781412030281
Release Date: 2004
Number of pages: 203
Author: C. Gordon Winder
Publisher: Trafford Publishing

Download and read online William Edmond Logan 1798 1875 Knighted Canadian Geologist in PDF and EPUB William Edmond Logan was born in Montreal, April 20,1798; completed one year at Edinburgh University, taking courses in mathematics, chemistry, & logic; worked in London for his uncle as bookkeeper and manager; in 1831, moved to Swansea Wales as manager of a copper smelting & coal production; did precise geological mapping of the south Wales coal basin to establish reserves; in 1842, appointed Director and Founder of the Geological Survey of Canada; with a few assistants, mapped Canada East and Canada West from Gaspe to Lake Superior; in 1851, 1855, and 1862 organized displays of Canadian rocks & minerals for International Exhibitions in London and Paris; in January 1856, Queen Victoria conferred knighthood, the first native born Canadian so honoured; in 1863, published a 983 page volume, the GEOLOGY OF CANADA, along with an atlas of geologic maps; in 1869, published a large geologic map about two and half by one metre, covering the area from Newfoundland to Manitoba, & the United States bordering the Great Lakes, from Maine to Kansas; in November 1869, relinquished the GSC directorship; died June 22, 1875, at Llechryd, Wales with burial at Cilgerran Wales, with the grave becoming 'unknown' being covered with lichens and moss. The biography by Harrington (1883) is rare, found only in professional & university libraries, generally not available to the public. So why this anthology of published papers by seven authors including Logan himself? In 1998, Sir William Logan was selected as the most important scientist in Canadian history. In 2000, headlines were made when the government proposed replacing his name on Canada's highest mountain in the Yukon. The public protested; the proposal was withdrawn. Logan's name is on numerous geographic & geologic features from offshore Nova Scotia near Sable Island to the Queen Charlotte Islands off British Columbia. In 2004, the CBC searched for the most important Canadians in a historic context, Logan's name is on the list.


Science in the Archives

Filename: science-in-the-archives.pdf
ISBN: 9780226432533
Release Date: 2017-04-04
Number of pages: 392
Author: Lorraine Daston
Publisher: University of Chicago Press

Download and read online Science in the Archives in PDF and EPUB Archives bring to mind rooms filled with old papers and dusty artifacts. But for scientists, the detritus of the past can be a treasure trove of material vital to present and future research: fossils collected by geologists; data banks assembled by geneticists; weather diaries trawled by climate scientists; libraries visited by historians. These are the vital collections, assembled and maintained over decades, centuries, and even millennia, which define the sciences of the archives. With Science in the Archives, Lorraine Daston and her co-authors offer the first study of the important role that these archives play in the natural and human sciences. Reaching across disciplines and centuries, contributors cover episodes in the history of astronomy, geology, genetics, philology, climatology, medicine, and more—as well as fundamental practices such as collecting, retrieval, and data mining. Chapters cover topics ranging from doxology in Greco-Roman Antiquity to NSA surveillance techniques of the twenty-first century. Thoroughly exploring the practices, politics, economics, and potential of the sciences of the archives, this volume reveals the essential historical dimension of the sciences, while also adding a much-needed long-term perspective to contemporary debates over the uses of Big Data in science.


Resurrecting the Shark A Scientific Obsession and the Mavericks Who Solved the Mystery of a 270 Million Year Old Fossil

Filename: resurrecting-the-shark-a-scientific-obsession-and-the-mavericks-who-solved-the-mystery-of-a-270-million-year-old-fossil.pdf
ISBN: 9781681773926
Release Date: 2017-04-04
Number of pages: 368
Author: Susan Ewing
Publisher: Pegasus Books

Download and read online Resurrecting the Shark A Scientific Obsession and the Mavericks Who Solved the Mystery of a 270 Million Year Old Fossil in PDF and EPUB A prehistoric mystery. A fossil so mesmerizing that it boggled the minds of scientists for more than a century—until a motley crew of modern day shark fanatics decided to try to bring the monster-predator back to life. In 1993, Alaskan artist and paleo-shark enthusiast Ray Troll stumbled upon the weirdest fossil he had ever seen—a platter-sized spiral of tightly wound shark teeth. This chance encounter in the basement of the Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County sparked Troll’s obsession with Helicoprion, a mysterious monster from deep time. In 2010, tattooed undergraduate student and returning Iraq War veteran Jesse Pruitt became seriously smitten with a Helicoprion fossil in a museum basement in Idaho. These two bizarre-shark disciples found each other, and an unconventional band of collaborators grew serendipitously around them, determined to solve the puzzle of the mysterious tooth whorl once and for all. Helicoprion was a Paleozoic chondrichthyan about the size of a modern great white shark, with a circular saw of teeth centered in its lower jaw—a feature unseen in the shark world before or since. For some ten million years, long before the Age of Dinosaurs, Helicoprion patrolled the shallow seas around the supercontinent Pangaea as the apex predator of its time. Just a few tumultuous years after Pruitt and Troll met, imagination, passion, scientific process, and state-of-the-art technology merged into an unstoppable force that reanimated the remarkable creature—and made important new discoveries. In this groundbreaking book, Susan Ewing reveals these revolutionary insights into what Helicoprion looked like and how the tooth whorl functioned—pushing this dazzling and awe-inspiring beast into the spotlight of modern science.


Small Batch

Filename: small-batch.pdf
ISBN: 9781524500146
Release Date: 2016-05-19
Number of pages: 166
Author: C. Andrew Doyle
Publisher: Xlibris Corporation

Download and read online Small Batch in PDF and EPUB Small Batch explores the emerging denominational movement into planting missional communities. As the church finds its way into the new millennium, it is faced with the need to think of its mission as an ancient future Christian community. Theology to practical guide, stories from the front and communities to discover, books to read, and small group study questions make Small Batch a handbook for individuals interested in the growing movement of planting new Christian communities. Through the movement of the spirit and shared common life and staying deeply rooted in the ancient practices of Christian community, the denominational church is being reborn in a new mission context. Small batch communities are popping up across the country with a new mission fervor. They are locally focused. They are organic and deeply rooted in the community and derive their strength from the care they give to local concerns. They are sustainable because they begin to find new economies that support the work. Bishop Doyle explores the sending churches that are planting greenfield ministries and multiplying churches who are spinning off new contextually oriented mission communities. What we discover in Small Batch is that the gospel will not be deterred by size or economic realities, and we are even now able to see the future shape of very diverse Christian mission.