Download and read online Lichen Dyes in PDF and EPUB Noted textile designer and lichen expert explains how to create and use dyes derived from lichens. Text covers history of the use of lichen pigments, safe dyeing methods, ecologically sound dyeing, and use of mordants, lichen identification, and more. Text also offers a fascinating history of Asian and European lichen pigments, Scottish, Irish, and Scandinavian domestic lichen dyes, and others.
Download and read online Recent Advances in Lichenology in PDF and EPUB This book discusses in detail molecular, mycobiont culture, biomonitoring and bioprospection of lichens, providing insights into advances in different fields of lichenology by applying modern techniques and approaches and examining how their application has enhanced or changed classical approaches. It offers a valuable resource, especially for beginners, students and researchers from different academic backgrounds interested in the study of lichens. In recent years, the introduction of modern analytical techniques and approaches has significantly improved our understanding of the environment, including lichens. Lichens are unique organisms which possess untapped potential as effective and reliable bioindicators, sources of therapeutic phytochemicals, and as excellent extremophiles. The unique and peculiar characteristics of lichens underline the need for a multidimensional approach to explore their potential in various fields of environment science, botany and chemistry. Modern techniques, especially molecular techniques, have greatly enriched the field of lichen taxonomy and its position in the plant kingdom, revealing little-known species and exploring their evolutionary history, while multivariate analysis and GIS approaches have established lichens as an ideal and reliable tool for monitoring air pollution. Advanced culture techniques have expanded the pharmacological applications of lichens, which was formerly restricted due to their small biomass. The advent of sophisticated analytical instrumentation has now facilitated the isolation and characterization of lichens’ bioactive constituents, even in lower concentrations, as well as the estimation of their stress responses at different levels of pollution. As lichen diversity is adversely affected by increasing air pollution, there is a pressing need to develop effective management practices to conserve, restore and document lichen diversity.
Download and read online Farben der Globalisierung in PDF and EPUB Globalgeschichte Herausgegeben von Sebastian Conrad, Andreas Eckert und Ulrike Freitag
Download and read online Naturfarben auf Wolle und Seide F rben ohne giftige Zus tze in PDF and EPUB Bearbeitete und stark erweiterte Neuauflage des Buches "Wolle und Seide mit Naturstoffen färben – Leuchtende Farben ohne giftige Zusätze" mit 90 alten und 110 neuen Hauptrezepten, vielen Unterrezepten und genauen Anleitungen zum Färben. Die verwendeten Materialien, Pflanzen und Zusätze werden detailliert nach Herkunft, Inhaltsstoffen und kulturgeschichtlichem Hintergrund beschrieben. Die Autorin hat die Anregungen vieler Frauen aufgenommen, die Färbepflanzen selbst sammeln oder anbauen. Sie beschreibt neben exotischen, vor allem einheimische Färbepflanzen und ihre Anwendung. Ein Praxisbuch, das auch Anfängern das Färben mit Naturstoffen nahe bringt und mit 197 vorwiegend farbigen Abbildungen das Buch zu einem ästhetischen Genuss werden lässt, nicht nur für Färber!
Download and read online Handbook of Natural Colorants in PDF and EPUB Concentration on renewable resources, sustainability and replacement of oil based products are driving forces to reassess the potential of natural resources including natural colorants. The growing consumer interest in purchasing “green” products, which exhibit an improved environmental profile, can be seen as the break-through force needed to reintroduce natural colorants into the modern markets. Written by scientists with specialised knowledge in the field, Handbook of Natural Colorants provides a unique source of information, summarising the present knowledge of natural colorants in depth. Supporting researchers in this emerging field of sustainable chemistry, it provides easy access to the theory and practice of natural colorants from different viewpoints, including agricultural, economic and legislative aspects. Topics covered include: History of coloration technology Present position of natural colorants Regional plant source availability Specific application techniques Chemical properties that professional dyers and chemists have to consider Agricultural sourcing of dyes with an emphasis on renewable resources Discussions on energy and material balance issues arising from the sourcing of materials Production aspects of colorants, leading on to the key applications Environmental and economic aspects Also included are the pros and cons of natural dyestuffs, presenting some promising results and evaluating the potential use of vegetable dyes as alternatives to chemical-based ones with a focus on green chemistry
Download and read online GREEN DYES AND PIGMENTS CLASSES AND APPLICATIONS in PDF and EPUB
Download and read online Ancient dyes for modern weavers in PDF and EPUB
Download and read online Nuts Bolts in PDF and EPUB Use tubes, rods, metal sheets, and other industrial items to create chic jewelry. Detailed instructions for 24 projects feature illustrated step-by-step directions for assembling earrings, necklaces, pins, and other ornaments.
Download and read online World Eco Fiber Textile W E F T Forum 2001 Kuching Sarawak Malaysia 20th 22nd September 2001 in PDF and EPUB
Download and read online Natural Dyes and Home Dyeing in PDF and EPUB All the information ever needed to extract dyestuffs from common trees, flowers, lichens, and weeds to create beautifully dyed materials. The heart of the book is 52 recipes for dyes made from natural, easily obtained dyestuffs.
Download and read online Lichens for Vegetable Dyeing in PDF and EPUB
Download and read online Natural Dyes in PDF and EPUB Please note that the content of this book primarily consists of articles available from Wikipedia or other free sources online. Pages: 22. Chapters: Aurantinidin, Betalain, Chica (dye), Crimson, Curcumin, Haematoxylin, Juglone, Lawsone, Morindone, Mushroom dye, Natural dye, Orcein, Phaeolus schweinitzii, Stil de grain yellow, Traditional dyes of the Scottish Highlands. Excerpt: Natural dyes are dyes or colorants derived from plants, invertebrates, or minerals. The majority of natural dyes are vegetable dyes from plant sources -roots, berries, bark, leaves, and wood - and other organic sources such as fungi and lichens. Archaeologists have found evidence of textile dyeing dating back to the Neolithic period. In China, dyeing with plants, barks and insects has been traced back more than 5,000 years. The essential process of dyeing changed little over time. Typically, the dye material is put in a pot of water and then the textiles to be dyed are added to the pot, which is heated and stirred until the color is transferred. Textile fiber may be dyed before spinning ("dyed in the wool"), but most textiles are "yarn-dyed" or "piece-dyed" after weaving. Many natural dyes require the use of chemicals called mordants to bind the dye to the textile fibers; tannin from oak galls, salt, natural alum, vinegar, and ammonia from stale urine were used by early dyers. Many mordants, and some dyes themselves, produce strong odors, and large-scale dyeworks were often isolated in their own districts. Throughout history, people have dyed their textiles using common, locally available materials, but scarce dyestuffs that produced brilliant and permanent colors such as the natural invertebrate dyes, Tyrian purple and crimson kermes, became highly prized luxury items in the ancient and medieval world. Plant-based dyes such as woad (Isatis tinctoria), indigo, saffron, and madder were raised commercially and were important trade goods in the economies of Asia and Europe. Across Asia...
Download and read online Lichens Collins New Naturalist Library Book 86 in PDF and EPUB Lichens are fascinating and beautiful organisms able to colonise a vast range of habitats, including seemingly impossible places such as bare icy mountain tops and sun-scorched coastal rocks. This book discusses all aspects of British lichens, revealing the secrets of their success. This edition is exclusive to newnaturalists.com
Download and read online Hawaii Dye Plants and Dye Recipes in PDF and EPUB For those who work with FIBER in weaving, spinning, crocheting, knitting, macrame; for those who work with CLOTH in batik, tie-dying, quilting, applique, soft sculpture, sewing. With this book you can come one step closer to making it from scratch - increasing your involvement and satisfaction in your craft, while enhancing the beauty and value of your finished uh_product. Rich, soft, subtle colors, not easily copied by synthetic man-made dyes, are commonly obtained from natural dye sources. The end reward is beautiful natural colors, but equally rewarding is the pleasure to be derived from collecting natural materials and from the dyeing process itself. The world around you becomes a treasure house of hidden possibilities, with common and readily available plant materials yielding colors that can be as surprising as they are special. Like the ancient Hawaiians who colored their tapa cloth with dyes from kukui, ferns, and other plants of their islands, you become more sensitive to your natural environment. A greater respect for craftspeople of the past and a deeper appreciation for the materials are every natural dyer's gain. Val Frieling Krohn-Ching is a distinguished weaving and textile design artist whose curiosity and desire for experimenting has also made her the authority on dyeing with plant materials in Hawaii using wool fibers. She now shares the results of her years of experimentation - and her enthusiasm - with others. Even beginners can use her basic principles and techniques successfully to achieve new results of their own. Hawaii Dye Plants and Dye Recipes is itself an artistic production, filled with charming, botanically accurate pen-and-ink drawings to aid in plant identification. Instructions are concise and easy to follow. Interesting information about each plant enlivens the text, as do personal comments about the author's experimentation and sources of natural materials. A color chart, photographed from actual wool samples prepared by the author, shows more than 300 beautiful results that the natural dyer can achieve using recipes in this book.
Download and read online The Journal for Weavers Spinners Dyers in PDF and EPUB