Download and read online Introduction to Relativity in PDF and EPUB Introduction to Relativity is intended to teach physics and astronomy majors at the freshman, sophomore or upper-division levels how to think about special and general relativity in a fundamental, but accessible, way. Designed to render any reader a "master of relativity", everything on the subject is comprehensible and derivable from first principles. The book emphasizes problem solving, contains abundant problem sets, and is conveniently organized to meet the needs of both student and instructor. Simplicity: the book teaches space and time in relativity in a physical fashion with minimal mathematics Conciseness: the book teaches relativity by emphasizing the basic simplicity of the principles at work Visualization: space-time diagrams (Minkowski) illustrate phenomena from simultaneity to the resolution of the twin paradox in a concrete fashion Worked problems: two chapters of challenging problems solved in several ways illustrate and teach the principles Problem sets: each chapter is accompanied by a full set of problems for the student that teach the principles and some new phenonmena
Download and read online Introduction to Quantum Mechanics in PDF and EPUB This book provides a lucid, up-to-date introduction to the principles of quantum mechanics at the level of undergraduates and first-year graduate students in chemistry, materials science, biology and related fields. It shows how the fundamental concepts of quantum theory arose from classic experiments in physics and chemistry, and presents the quantum-mechanical foundations of modern techniques including molecular spectroscopy, lasers and NMR. Blinder also discusses recent conceptual developments in quantum theory, including Schrödinger's Cat, the Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen experiment, Bell's theorem and quantum computing. * Clearly presents the basics of quantum mechanics and modern developments in the field * Explains applications to molecular spectroscopy, lasers, NMR, and MRI * Introduces new concepts such as Schrödinger's Cat, Bell's Theorem, and quantum computing * Includes full-color illustrations, proven pedagogical features, and links to online materials
Download and read online Fusion in PDF and EPUB Unraveling the role of fusion in the universe has taken almost a century since Einstein's proof of the equivalence of energy and matter in 1905. The discovery that fusion reactions are responsible for the building of the light elements in the "Big Bang" and the subsequent development of the heavier elements in the stars and in exploding supernovae is one of the field's most exciting successes. In this engaging book, McCracken and Stott reexamine these discoveries in astrophysics and discuss the possibility that fusion reactions are not only our sun's source of power, but may also be induced for our use on earth. * Details the initial discovery of nuclear fusion, all related research, and today's concern over future energy supply * Examines current attempts to create nuclear fusion here on earth * Enhanced with color illustrations and examples * Provides a non-technical treatment of fusion using straightforward language * Includes technical notes for aspiring physicists
Download and read online Crystallography Made Crystal Clear in PDF and EPUB Crystallography Made Crystal Clear makes crystallography accessible to readers who have no prior knowledge of the field or its mathematical basis. This is the most comprehensive and concise reference for beginning Macromolecular crystallographers, written by a leading expert in the field. Rhodes' uses visual and geometric models to help readers understand the mathematics that form the basis of x-ray crystallography. He has invested a great deal of time and effort on World Wide Web tools for users of models, including beginning-level tutorials in molecular modeling on personal computers. Rhodes' personal CMCC Home Page also provides access to tools and links to resources discussed in the text. Most significantly, the final chapter introduces the reader to macromolecular modeling on personal computers-featuring SwissPdbViewer, a free, powerful modeling program now available for PC, Power Macintosh, and Unix computers. This updated and expanded new edition uses attractive four-color art, web tool access for further study, and concise language to explain the basis of X-ray crystallography, increasingly vital in today's research labs. * Helps readers to understand where models come from, so they don't use them blindly and inappropriately * Provides many visual and geometric models for understanding a largely mathematical method * Allows readers to judge whether recently published models are of sufficiently high quality and detail to be useful in their own work * Allows readers to study macromolecular structure independently and in an open-ended fashion on their own computers, without being limited to textbook or journals illustrations * Provides access to web tools in a format that will not go out of date. Links will be updated and added as existing resources change location or are added
Download and read online Nonlinear Gravitodynamics in PDF and EPUB This book gives a detailed, up-to-date account of the Lense-Thirring effect and its implications for physics and astrophysics. Starting from a profound intuition of Lense and Thirring in 1918, based on a simple solution to the linearized Einstein field equations, this has emerged in the past four decades as a phenomenon of extraordinary importance in cosmology, radio jets in quasars, and the physics of neutron stars and black holes, besides leading to some of the most sophisticated experiments ever performed in the space surrounding our planet. The book contains the contributions presented at the ?Third William Fairbank Meeting?, which have been expanded by adding a complete set of classical and prominent contemporary papers on this subject and a general introduction by R Ruffini.
Download and read online Nonlinear Gravitodynamics in PDF and EPUB This book gives a detailed, up-to-date account of the Lense–Thirring effect and its implications for physics and astrophysics. Starting from a profound intuition of Lense and Thirring in 1918, based on a simple solution to the linearized Einstein field equations, this has emerged in the past four decades as a phenomenon of extraordinary importance in cosmology, radio jets in quasars, and the physics of neutron stars and black holes, besides leading to some of the most sophisticated experiments ever performed in the space surrounding our planet. The book contains the contributions presented at the “Third William Fairbank Meeting”, which have been expanded by adding a complete set of classical and prominent contemporary papers on this subject and a general introduction by R Ruffini. Contents: Equations of Motion of Spinning Particles in Electrodynamics and General RelativityInertial Forces and GravitoelectromagnetismThe GP-B Mission: The Orbiting Gyroscope Experiment Around the EarthProbing the Lense-Thirring Effect Around the Earth with Twin SatellitesProbing the Gravitomagnetic Lense-Thirring Effect with Neutron Stars and Black Holes Readership: Researchers and graduate students in astrophysics and high energy physics. Keywords:Nonlinear Gravitodynamics;Lense-Thirring;Astrophysics;Fairbank;General Relativity;GravitationReviews:“At a time when fundamental physics is again becoming a topic of interest for ESA this book provides an up-to-date source of one such contribution.”Spaceflight
Download and read online The Physics of the Early Universe in PDF and EPUB The Physics of the Early Universe is an edited and expanded version of the lectures given at a recent summer school of the same name. Its aim is to present an advanced multi-authored textbook that meets the needs of both postgraduate students and young researchers interested in, or already working on, problems in cosmology and general relativity, with emphasis on the early universe. A particularly strong feature of the present work is the constructive-critical approach to the present mainstream theories, the careful assessment of some alternative approaches, and the overall balance between theoretical and observational considerations. As such, this book will also benefit experienced scientists and nonspecialists from related areas of research.
Download and read online New Scientist in PDF and EPUB New Scientist magazine was launched in 1956 "for all those men and women who are interested in scientific discovery, and in its industrial, commercial and social consequences". The brand's mission is no different today - for its consumers, New Scientist reports, explores and interprets the results of human endeavour set in the context of society and culture.
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Download and read online The Beauty of Physics Patterns Principles and Perspectives in PDF and EPUB The beauty of physics lies in its coherence in terms of a few fundamental concepts and principles. Even physicists have occasion to marvel at the overarching reach of basic principles and their ability to account for features stretching from the microscopic sub-atomic world to the cosmological expanses of the Universe. While mathematics is its natural language, physics is mostly about patterns, connections, and relations between objects and phenomena, and it is this aspect that is emphasized in this book. Since science tries to connect phenomena that at first sight appear widely different, while boiling them down to a small set of essential principles and laws, metaphor and analogy pervade our subject. Consider the pendulum, its swing from one extreme to the other often invoked in social or economic contexts. In molecular vibrations, such as in the CO2 molecule, the quantum motions of electrons and nuclei are metaphorically the pendulums. In electromagnetic radiation, including the visible light we observe, there are not even any concrete material particles, only electric and magnetic fields executing simple harmonic motion. But, to a physicist, they are all "just a pendulum". The selection of topics reflects the author's own four-decade career in research physics and his resultant perspective on the subject. While aimed primarily at physicists, including junior students, this book also addresses other readers who are willing to think with symbols and simple algebra in understanding the physical world around us. Each chapter, on themes such as dimensions, transformations, symmetries, or maps, begins with simple examples accessible to all while connecting them later to more sophisticated realizations in more advanced topics of physics.
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Download and read online The Universe in X Rays in PDF and EPUB With contributions from leading scientists in the field, and edited by two of the most prominent astronomers of our time, this is a totally authoritative volume on X-ray astronomy that will be essential reading for everyone interested – from students to astrophysicists and physicists. All the aspects of this exciting area of study are covered, from astronomical instrumentation to extragalactic X-ray astronomy.
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