Download and read online Aerosol Technology in PDF and EPUB The #1 guide to aerosol science and technology -now better than ever Since 1982, Aerosol Technology has been the text of choice among students and professionals who need to acquire a thorough working knowledge of modern aerosol theory and applications. Now revised to reflect the considerable advances that have been made over the past seventeen years across a broad spectrum of aerosol-related application areas - from occupational hygiene and biomedical technology to microelectronics and pollution control -this new edition includes: * A chapter on bioaerosols * New sections on resuspension, transport losses, respiratory deposition models, and fractal characterization of particles * Expanded coverage of atmospheric aerosols, including background aerosols and urban aerosols * A section on the impact of aerosols on global warming and ozone depletion. Aerosol Technology, Second Edition also features dozens of new, fully worked examples drawn from a wide range of industrial and research settings, plus new chapter-end practice problems to help readers master the material quickly.
Download and read online Aerosol Pollution Impact on Precipitation in PDF and EPUB Life on Earth is critically dependent upon the continuous cycling of water between oceans, continents and the atmosphere. Precipitation (including rain, snow, and hail) is the primary mechanism for transporting water from the atmosphere back to the Earth’s surface. It is also the key physical process that links aspects of climate, weather, and the global hydrological cycle. Changes in precipitation regimes and the frequency of extreme weather events, such as floods, droughts, severe ice/snow storms, monsoon fluctuations and hurricanes are of great potential importance to life on the planet. One of the factors that could contribute to precipitation modification is aerosol pollution from various sources such as urban air pollution and biomass burning. Natural and anthropogenic changes in atmospheric aerosols might have important implications for precipitation by influencing the hydrological cycle, which in turn could feed back to climate changes. From an Earth Science perspective, a key question is how changes expected in climate will translate into changes in the hydrological cycle, and what trends may be expected in the future. We require a much better understanding and hence predictive capability of the moisture and energy storages and exchanges among the Earth’s atmosphere, oceans, continents and biological systems. This book is a review of our knowledge of the relationship between aerosols and precipitation reaching the Earth's surface and it includes a list of recommendations that could help to advance our knowledge in this area.
Download and read online Reinraumtechnik in PDF and EPUB Dieses in kürzester Zeit zum Standardwerk der Reinraumtechnik avancierte Fachbuch wurde in der vorliegenden Auflage durch neueste Ergebnisse und aktuellste Entwicklungen ergänzt. Die Darstellung der Regelwerke wurde wieder auf neuesten Stand gebracht. Das Thema der Reinraum-Automation wird erstmals in einem neu aufgenommenen Kapitel dargestellt. Ausgehend von reinraumtechnischen Problemstellungen werden die Grundlagen und Anwendungen beschrieben und aktuelle Lösungen dargestellt. Für alle wichtigen Aspekte der Kontaminationskontrolle werden Methoden, Reinraumsysteme und deren Leistungsgrenzen behandelt. Eine Besonderheit des Buches liegt in der systematischen Verknüpfung von Grundlagen, Problemstellungen und deren praktischer Umsetzung. Die Herausgeber gelten als Nestoren der Reinraumtechnik. Für ihre Arbeiten innerhalb der Industrie wie für technisch-wissenschaftliche Gremien wurden sie wiederholt ausgezeichnet.
Download and read online Aerosols Handbook in PDF and EPUB With the rapid growth of the nanotechnology industry, the need to understand the biological effects of aerosol exposure has become increasingly important. Featuring contributions by leading experts in the field, Aerosols Handbook: Measurement, Dosimetry, and Health Effects, Second Edition offers an up-to-date overview of many aspects of aerosols, from properties to health effects and epidemiology. Covering indoor, outdoor, industrial, medical, pharmaceutical, and radioactive aerosols, this book explores aerosol dosimetry by defining terms such as exposure and dose. In addition, it looks at nanometer particles, the mechanism of aerosol deposition in the lungs, and modeling deposition with a corresponding uncertainty in risk assessment. The text also emphasizes the importance of accurate aerosol measurements, particularly breathing zone exposure assessments. Examining radioactive aerosols, the book discusses lessons learned from nuclear accidents, radon and thoron, and long-lived radionuclides in the environment. It brings together research on both radioactive and nonradioactive aerosols, supplying readers with a more complete view of how aerosols behave in the lungs. New in This Edition Five new chapters that address the safety of nanomaterials, dealing with nanoparticle cell penetration, high aspect ratio nanomaterials, nanoaerosols in drug delivery, risk assessment, and health effects New chapters on atmospheric pollution related to climate change, chemical analyses of particle filter deposits, and classical nucleation theory New data on measurement, dosimetry, and health effects Updated throughout, this second edition continues to be an essential resource for those who study exposure, dosages, and toxicity to develop treatments for exposure, reduce air pollution, and establish better safety regulations, particularly in industries using nanotechnologies.
Download and read online Essential Resources for Industrial Hygiene in PDF and EPUB
Download and read online Aerosol Measurement in PDF and EPUB Aerosol Measurement: Principles, Techniques, and Applications Third Edition is the most detailed treatment available of the latest aerosol measurement methods. Drawing on the know-how of numerous expert contributors; it provides a solid grasp of measurement fundamentals and practices a wide variety of aerosol applications. This new edition is updated to address new and developing applications of aerosol measurement, including applications in environmental health, atmospheric science, climate change, air pollution, public health, nanotechnology, particle and powder technology, pharmaceutical research and development, clean room technology (integrated circuit manufacture), and nuclear waste management.
Download and read online Industrial Hygiene Control of Airborne Chemical Hazards in PDF and EPUB Do you need guidelines for choosing a substitute organic solvent that is safer to use? Do you need an effective, cheap but perhaps temporary way to reduce exposures before you can convince your employer to spend money on a long-term or more reliable solution? Do you need information about local exhaust ventilation or personal protective equipment like respirators and gloves? Industrial Hygiene Control of Airborne Chemical Hazards provides the answers to these questions and more. Science-based and quantitative, the book introduces methods for controlling exposures in diverse settings, focusing squarely on airborne chemical hazards. It bridges the gap between existing knowledge of physical principles and their modern application with a wealth of recommendations, techniques, and tools accumulated by generations of IH practitioners to control chemical hazards. Provides a unique, comprehensive tool for facing the challenges of controlling chemical hazards in the workplace. Although William Popendorf has written the book at a fundamental level, he assumes the reader has some experience in science and math, as well as in manufacturing or other work settings with chemical hazards, but is inexperienced in the selection, design, implementation, or management of chemical exposure control systems. Where the book is quantitative, of course there are lots of formulae, but in general the author avoids vague notation and long derivations.
Download and read online Einf hrung in die Angewandte Mineralogie in PDF and EPUB Im geplanten Lehrbuch werden insbesondere Bachelor-Studenten der Geo- und Materialwissenschaften wichtige stoffliche und technologische Grundlagen in verschiedenen technischen Systemen und angewandten geowissenschaftlichen Bereichen vermittelt. Ausgehend von der Mineralogie ausgewählter nichtmetallischer Rohstoffe und Industrieminerale werden Zusammenhänge zwischen Eigenschaften und industriellen Einsatzmöglichkeiten dargelegt sowie umweltrelevante Aspekte diskutiert. Eine Einführung erfolgt in wichtige mineralogische und physikalisch-chemische Aspekte technischer keramischer Massenprodukte wie Silikatkeramik, Glas, Zement, Feuerfestmaterialien oder der Mineralsynthese.
Download and read online Aerosol Science for Industrial Hygienists in PDF and EPUB Aerosols in workplace atmospheres have been - and continue to be - a major focus of industrial hygiene. Although there are many existing texts on aerosol science and on occupational health respectively, this new book sets out to be complementary to these and to provide a link between the two fields. In particular, the central concept of worker exposure leads to a structured approach which draws together wide-ranging aspects of aerosol science within the occupational health framework. Introductory chapters are concerned with the nature and properties of aerosols, and how they are generated in the occupational environment. The book then goes on to provide a description of the fundamental mechanical properties of aerosols, in particular those mechanical properties associated with the motion of airborne particles (which govern particle transport, inhalation, deposition, sampling and control). There follows a description of the optical properties of workplace aerosols since these are important in the visual appearance of aerosols and in many aspects of measurement. The central core of the book deals with the processes which govern the nature of exposure to and the subsequent fate and effects of airborne particles, leading to a rational framework for standards, measurement and control. Finally, a chapter is added which relates what has been said about aerosols to gaseous and vapour contaminants. The book is aimed at graduate students and practitioners in industrial hygiene and other occupational (and environmental) health disciplines.
Download and read online Fundamentals of Mold Growth in Indoor Environments and Strategies for Healthy Living in PDF and EPUB Today, indoor mold and moisture, and their associated health effects, are a society-wide problem. The economic consequences of indoor mold and moisture are enormous. Their global dimension has been emphasized in several recent international publications, stressing that the most important means for avoiding adverse health effects is the prevention (or minimization) of persistent dampness and microbial growth on interior surfaces and in building structures.This book aims to describe the fundamentals of indoor mold growth as a prerequisite to tackle mold growth in the existing building stock as well as in future energy efficient buildings. It brings together different disciplinary points of view on indoor mold, ranging from physics and material science to microbiology and health sciences. The contents have been outlined according to three main issues: Fundamentals, particularly addressing the crucial roles of water and materials, Health, including a state-of-the-art description of the health-related effects of indoor molds, and Strategies, integrating remediation, prevention and policies.
Download and read online Particle Adhesion and Removal in PDF and EPUB The book provides a comprehensive and easily accessible reference source covering all important aspects of particle adhesion and removal. The core objective is to cover both fundamental and applied aspects of particle adhesion and removal with emphasis on recent developments. Among the topics to be covered include: 1. Fundamentals of surface forces in particle adhesion and removal. 2. Mechanisms of particle adhesion and removal. 3. Experimental methods (e.g. AFM, SFA,SFM,IFM, etc.) to understand particle-particle and particle-substrate interactions. 4. Mechanics of adhesion of micro- and nanoscale particles. 5. Various factors affecting particle adhesion to a variety of substrates. 6. Surface modification techniques to modulate particle adhesion. 7. Various cleaning methods (both wet & dry) for particle removal. 8. Relevance of particle adhesion in a host of technologies ranging from simple to ultra-sophisticated.
Download and read online Concepts In Inhalation Toxicology in PDF and EPUB Recent developments have provided new data on the subject of inhalation toxicology, requiring an update of the previous edition of this popular text. Like the first, this second edition explains the basic concepts and quantitative approaches in inhalation toxicology, and it gives a comprehensive treatment of evaluations of respiratory responses to inhaled particles and gases. The author here explores new understanding of the role of cytokines in pulmonary inflammation and risk assessment. Immunologists, oncologists, respiratory specialists and students in those fields will find Concepts In Inhalation Toxicology to be essential to their practice.
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Download and read online Air Sampling Instruments for Evaluation of Atmospheric Contaminants in PDF and EPUB